The Suffering of Isis in Rome (80 B.C- 37A.D)

Waheed A. M. Omran

Abstract


Isis's cult was the longest surviving one of all Egyptian gods; her cult continued till 543 A.D, when the Roman Emperor Justinian I closed the temple of Phila. Isis nature in the Hellenistic world changed dramatically, through syncretism, as she was identified with many Greek goddesses such as Demeter, Aphrodite, Athena, Persephone and Hera, she was regarded also as a universal goddess with great attributes;she is responsible for the creation of civilization, the patron of sailors, and the protector of the family, which secure a great success for her cult in the Hellenistic world.Furthermost Isis’s connection to Osiris, as his sincere sister and wife, added to her cult in the Hellenistic world great aspects concerning her ability to vanquish death through magic instead of her traditional role in the divine foundation of the Egyptian monarchy. She became the center of a mystery cult that offered salvation to her initiates and became a potent rival of Christianity 

Keywords


Isis, Rome

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